Home » 2013 Volume 8, 3. Relativity and gravitation, 4. Astrophysics, 5. Cosmology » TPAC: 4488-027 v2, Vol. 8, p. 1–6
Apr
15

Redshift stasis of photons at crossing the gravitationally-bound regions revises the supernovae data

 Zahid Zakir [1]

Abstract

     In gravitationally-bound regions (GBR), largest of which are galaxy clusters, metrics is averagely static and here objects, including radiation, do not participate at the cosmological expansion. In the paper the discovery of new observable effects for radiation crossed such regions – the redshift stasis and flux amplification – is reported. The stasis of wavelength appears as a blueshift with respect to a normally expanded flux and the stasis of distances between photons appears as a higher luminosity. Due to smaller inter-cluster distances at earlier epochs, the corrections to observing redshifts and magnitudes grow with distance. It is shown that the influence to the crossing radiation of switching off on expansion flow is significant and it may exceed up to two or three orders the ordinary gravitational effects of clusters. This sufficiently revises the estimations of characteristics of extragalactic objects and the confrontation with observations of cosmological models becomes correct only at accounting of these stasis effects. The stasis effects sufficiently change temperature of cosmic microwave background and its anisotropy also and lead to new blueshift effects, which particularly may appear in observations as a “dark flow”.

PACS: 98.80.Es, 97.60.Bw, 98.65.Cw, 98.62.Py, 98.62.Ck, 98.62.Qz, 98.80.Jk, 98.70.Vc

Key words: cosmology, gravitation, galaxy clusters, supernovae, redshift, background radiation

Vol. 8, No 1, p. 1 – 6, v2,  15 April 2013

Online: TPAC: 4488-027 v1,   15 April 2013; DOI: 10.9751/TPAC.4488-027


[1] Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophyics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

      zahidzakir@theor-phys.org

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